Project:   International Firearms Instruments and Policy-making

This comprehensive project provides technical assistance to States throughout the region in building their national capacities and mechanisms to effectively implement disarmament instruments with the aim of significantly contributing to sustainable disarmament.

These global and regional disarmament instruments include the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UN 2001 PoA), the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, and Other Related Instruments (UN Firearms Protocol), the International Tracing Instrument (ITI), and the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA Convention), as well as other sub-regional instruments.

The International Firearms Instruments and Policy-making Project is comprised of the following:

Elaboration of recommendations on how to improve national legislation
Development of legal dictums and elaboration of comparative analyses between national firearms legislation and international firearms instruments to ensure that national firearms laws incorporate all the main obligations from relevant global and regional instruments, and that provisions in national legislation are harmonized with international instruments
Provision of technical assistance in the drafting of national reports on the implementation of the UN 2001 PoA and in the creation of national firearms commissions to serve as implementing mechanisms to better tackle illicit firearms trafficking, as well as in providing substantive advice and support in carrying out key sub-regional meetings to arrive at a consolidated sub-regional approach to combating the scourge posed by illicit firearms trafficking
Strengthen multi-sectoral coordination in combating illicit firearms trafficking
Enhance States’ ability to build national capacities and mechanisms to effectively implement disarmament-related national, sub-regional, regional and international instruments and measures. 
Activities:   List of activities
  Norms and Legal Instruments on Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives
This document represents a comparative study between national legislation and other the international instruments on the control of the legal trade and prevention of illicit manufacturing and trafficking of firearms, ammunition and explosives.
The corresponding national authorities of the region and the expert community in general are presented with the findings of the study with the main aim of identifying the areas in which harmonization with international guidelines has been most successful and those in which implementation efforts must be intensified.

National studies of the Andean Subregion:
UNLIREC has undertaken an expansion of the study whereby in addition to comparing national legislation with global and regional instruments, national legislation of each State is also compared with a sub-regional instrument – the Andean Plan to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in all its Aspects, approved by the Andean Council of Foreign Affairs of the Andean Community, Decision 552.

Comparative Study of the Andean Subregion
Taking these national studies as its starting point, UNLIREC then establishes the normative status of the Andean sub-region by assessing the degree of convergence between the legislative norms of the States under consideration.
Sub-regional and regional secretariats National firearms commisions